1705 (+) 249th Pope Clementius XIV originally Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli, is born in Sant' Arcangelo di Romagna, Italy.
1765 (-) Duke of Cumberland William Augustus aka Butcher Cumberland, dies of a heart attack at the age of 44 in London, United Kingdom.
1815 (-) Farmer, mechanic and composer Daniel Belknap dies at the age of 44 in Massachussets, USA.
1863 (+) Train robber Tom Thomas Edward Ketchum aka Black Jack Ketchum, is born in San Saba County, Texas, USA.
1886 (+) Statesman Chang Kai-Shek is born in Xikou, China.
1906 (+) Victim of Fritz Haarmann aka Der Hannover Werwolf, Fritz Franke is born in Berlin, Germany.
1913 (-) Murderer Mike Spanos is executed by hanging at the age of 21 in Oregon, USA.
1913 (-) Murderer Frank Seymour is executed by hanging at the age of 19 in Oregon, USA.
1918 (-) Artist Egon Schiele dies of Spanish flu at the age of 28 in Vienna, Austria.
1920 (+) Photographer Helmut Newton originally Neustädter, is born in Berlin, Germany.
1926 (-) Magician Harry Houdini originally Erich Weiss, dies of peritonitis from a ruptured appendix at the age of 52 in Detroit, Grace Hospital, Room 401, Michigan, USA.
He was punched in the stomach several times by Joselyn Gordon Whitehead at his own request on 22 october 1926 which caused his appendicitis.
1926 (x) An unidentified 15-year-old boy who tried to kill 43-year-old Fascist leader Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini aka Il Duce, is lynched by a mad mob in Bologna, Italy.
1929 (+) Actor Bud Spencer originally Carlo Pedersoli, is born in Naples, Italy.
1936 (+) Actor Michael Landon originally Eugene Maurice Orowitz, is born in Forest Hills, New York, USA.
1938 (-) An unidentified woman dies as result of a cyclopropane explosion while undergoing breast surgery at the age of 44 in Lahey Clinic, Boston, Massachussets, USA.
The source of ignition was static electricity.
1940 (+) Musician and founder of "The Beatles" Eric Ronald Griffiths is born in Denbigh, Wales, United Kingdom.
1950 (+) Actor John Franklin Candy is born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
1961 (-) Murderer Honor Robinson is executed by the Gas Chamber at the age of 42 in State Prison, Florence, Arizona, USA.
1974 (-) Laura Aime is abducted and strangled by Ted Bundy aka The Only Living Witness, at the age of 17 in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
1981 (-) ‘Orange Socks’ is strangled by Henry Lee Lucas aka The Hand of Death, in Oklahoma, USA.
She was found along the Interstate 35 and remains unidentified.
1984 (-) President Indira Pridar Shini Gandhi shot dead by her Sikh body-guards Beant Singh and Sawant Singh at the age of 66 in New Delhi, India.
1993 (-) Filmmaker Frederico Fellini dies of a heart attack at the age of 73 in Rome, Italy.
1993 (-) Actor River Jude Phoenix dies of a drug overdose at the age of 23 in Hollywood, California, USA.
1996 (x) 99 Die in TAM Fokker crash in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
1999 (x) 217 Die in Egypt Air Flight 990 Boeing 767-366ER crash in Nantucket, the Atlantic Ocean.