1687 (+) Composer Antonio Lucio Vivaldi is born in Venice, Italy.
1702 (+) Robber and burglar Jack Sheppard aka Gentleman Jack, is born in London, Spitalfields, United Kingdom.
1791 (x) Vermont becomes the 14th of the United States in Vermont, USA.
1852 (-) Writer Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol dies of anaemia due to self-starvation at the age of 42 in Moscow, Russia.
1877 (x) The ballet "Swan Lake" by 36-year-old Composer Peter Ilyitsch Tchaikowsky is performed for the first time in Moscow, Bolshoi Theatre, USSR.
1878 (+) Occult Teacher Peter Demianovitsch Ouspensky is born in Moscow, Russia.
1908 (x) 174 Die in Lake View School fire in Collinwood, Ohio, USA.
1918 (x) 280 Die in USS Cyclops shipwreck in Barbados.
1932 (+) Musician Myriam Zenzile Makeba aka Mama Afrika, is born in Johannesburg, Prospect Township, South Africa.
1938 (+) Ex-Velvet Underground drummer Angus MacLise is born in Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA.
1944 (-) Head of Murder Incorporated Louis Buchalter aka Lepke, is executed by Old Sparky at the age of 47 in New York, Sing Sing Prison, New York, USA.
On the same occasion, his lieutenants Louis Capone and Mindy Weiss are also executed.
1945 (x) Finland declares war on Nazi Germany in Tornio, Finland.
1948 (-) Theatre theorist Antonin Marie Joseph Artaud aka The Theatre of Cruelty, dies of cancer at the age of 51 in Paris, Ivry, France.
1952 (x) 119 Die in 2-train collision in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
They crashed head-on into each other.
1955 (-) Murderer Carl J. Folk is executed by the Gas Chamber at the age of 56 in State Prison, Florence, Arizona, USA.
1961 (x) Serial Rapist Ted Edward John Louis Paisnel aka The Beast of Jersey, assaults an unidentified 11-year-old boy in St. Saviour, Jersey.
1962 (x) 111 Die in DC-7 crash in the Jungle of Cameroun.
1968 (+) Spree Killer Julian Knight is born in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
1970 (-) Jadwiga K. is strangled by Zdzislaw Marchwicki aka The Wampir, at the age of 45 in Siemanowice, Poland.
1972 (-) is presumably strangled by Zodiac at the age of 19 in Santa Rosa, California, USA.
1980 (x) 34-year-old Performance artist Chris Burden performs "Show the Hole" at the Per/for/mance festival in Florence, Italy.
1982 (-) Herta Schmits is attacked and raped by Thomas Rath aka The Devil’s Moor Murderer, at the age of 18 in Bremen, Germany.
Stumbling naked out of the woods, she was picked up by a passing motorist and raped.
1983 (-) Edgar Underkofler is beaten and stabbed to death by Larry Eyler aka The Leather-Boy Killer, at the age of 27 in Danville, Illinois, USA.
1984 (-) Dima Ptaschinow is stabbed to death by Andrej Tsjikatilo aka The Rostow Ripper, at the age of 10 in Nowoschachtinsk, Russia.
1987 (-) Murderer Elisio Moreno is executed by lethal injection in Huntsville, Texas, USA.
1994 (x) 27-year-old Musician Kurt Donald Cobain aka The Pope of Grunge, is found in a coma due to a suicidal cocktail of Rohypnol and champagne in his hotel room in Rome, Italy.
1994 (-) Actor John Franklin Candy dies of a heart-attack at the age of 43 in Durango, Mexico.