1587 (-) Queen of Scots Mary Stuart is executed by beheading at the age of 44 in Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom.
It took three blows to separate her head.
1725 (-) Peter the Great dies of an inflammation of the bladder at the age of 52 in Lakhta, Russia.
1808 (-) Murderer Edward Donnelly is executed by hanging in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, USA.
1828 (+) Writer Jules Verne is born in Nantes, France.
1834 (+) Scientist and inventor Dmitri Mendeleev is born in Verhnie Aremzyani, Russia.
1872 (+) Philosopher Theodor Lessing is born in Hannover, Germany.
1894 (+) Filmmaker King Vidor is born in Galveston, Texas, USA.
1921 (+) Actress Lana Turner is born in Wallace, Idaho, USA.
1921 (-) Anarchist Peter Alekseyewitsch Kropotkin aka The Anarchist Prince, dies at the age of 78 in Dmitrov, Russia.
1923 (x) 120 Die in coal-mine explosion in Dawson, Mexico.
1924 (-) Wife-murderer Gee Jon is executed by the Gas Chamber at the age of 29 in Carson City, State Prison, Nevada, USA.
He was the first man to be executed by the Gas Chamber.
1924 (-) Hermann Speichert is killed and his meat sold by Fritz Haarmann aka Der Hannover Werwolf, at the age of 16 in Hannover, Germany.
1925 (+) Actor Jack Lemmon is born in Newton, Massachussets, USA.
1929 (-) Child-Rose Ohilger is strangled and stabbed to death by Peter Kürten aka The Düsseldorfer Monster aka The Vampire of Düsseldorf, at the age of 8 in Düsseldorf, NordRhein-Westfalen, Germany.
1931 (+) Actor James Dean known from “Rebel Without a Cause”, is born in Marion, Indiana, USA.
1940 (+) Actor Nick Nolte is born in Omaha, Nebraska, USA.
1942 (+) Producer and shaper of Californian Surf Sound Terry Melcher originally Terry Jordan, is born in Los Angeles, California, USA.
He’s the son of Doris Day and one of Manson’s enemies.
1942 (-) Founder of the Organisation Todt Fritz Todt is killed in a planecrash at the age of 50 in Rastenburg, Germany.
1948 (+) Cop Killer Lynda Block is born in Orlando, Florida, USA.
1955 (-) Irmgard Strehl is strangled and butchered by Joachim Kroll aka The Ruhr Hunter, at the age of 19 in Herrenstein, Germany.
1961 (-) Murderer Georges Riley is executed by hanging at the age of 21 in London, Shrewsbury Prison, United Kingdom.
1977 (-) Irene Richardson is hammered, stabbed and her throat cut by Peter Sutcliffe aka The Yorkshire Ripper, at the age of 28 in Leeds, Roundhay, Soldiers Field, United Kingdom.
1980 (-) Greek Folk-legend Nikos Xilouris dies of a brain tumour at the age of 43 in Greece.
1989 (x) 144 Die in Independent Air Boeing 707 collision in Santa Maria Island, off Portugal.
It crashed into a mountain.
1990 (-) Singer-songwriter Del Shannon originally Charles Wedon Westover, commits suicide by a shot in the head at the age of 55 in Santa Clarita, California, USA.
1997 (x) 24-year-old Mass Murderer Stephen Anderson went berserk in a ski resort, killing six people and wounding five others before he was arrested naked and unarmed by authorities who tracked him through the rugged forest with the help of planes and helicopters in Raurimu, New Zealand.
1999 (-) Writer Iris Murdoch dies of Alzheimer's disease at the age of 79 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom.
2001 (-) Murderer Adolph Hernandez is executed by lethal injection in Huntsville Prison, Texas, USA.
2006 (-) Murderer Robert Neville is executed by lethal injection in Huntsville Prison, Texas, USA.