1519 (x) 39-year-old Explorer Ferdinand Magellan sets sail in the first attempt to circumnavigate the earth in Sanlucar de Barrameda, Andalusia, Spain.
1822 (+) Inventor of the typewriter Peter Mitterhofer is born in Partschins, Tirol, Germany.
1853 (+) 5th King of Thailand Rama V originally Phra Chula Chomklao Chaoyuhua aka Chulalongkorn the Great, is born in Bangkok, Thailand.
1859 (+) Writer Cyriel Cyrillus Gustave Emile Buysse is born in Nevele, Belgium.
1863 (-) Philologist and folklorist Jakob Ludwig Carl Grimm dies at the age of 78 in Berlin, Germany.
1880 (+) Prostitute cum serial killer Louise Lofie Peete is born in Bienville, Louisiana, USA.
1913 (x) The first stone for 52-year-old Philosopher, social thinker, architect and esotericist Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner aka The Father of Anthroposophy, his Goetheaneum is laid in Dornach, Germany.
1916 (+) Enterpreneur and billionaire Rudolf August Oetker is born in Bielefeld, Germany.
1918 (x) 31-year-old Stigmatized Monk Father Pio of Pietrelcina originally Francesco Forgione, has his first occurence of stigmata while kneeling before a cross in the Chuch of the Lady of Grace in San Giovanni Rotondo, Foggia, Italy.
This phenomenon continued for fifty years, until his death in 1968.
1924 (x) Germany decides to change its official writing from Gothic to Latin. .
1925 (+) 8th King of Thailand Rama VIII originally Ananda Mahidol aka Phra Paramenthara Maha Ananda Mahidol Phra Athama Ramathibodinthra, is born in Heidelberg, Germany.
1929 (+) Filmmaker Kurt Kren aka Lord of the Frames, is born in Vienna, Austria.
1932 (x) 63-year-old Indian Leader Mahatma Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi aka The Apostle of Non-violence, starts hungerstriking in prison in Poona, India.
1933 (-) Theosophist Annie Wood Besant dies at the age of 86 in Adyar, Tamil Hadu, India.
1933 (-) Assassin of SA-Leader Horst Wessel, Albrecht Höhler is abducted and shot to pieces by an SA commando at the age of 35 in Berlin, Germany.
1934 (+) Actress Sophia Loren originally Sophia Scicoloni, is born in Rome, Italy.
1936 (+) Murderer Roger Bontemps is born in Aydoilles, France.
1940 (x) The one and only concentration camp for Belgium is inaugurated by 37-year-old Commander of Breendonk-KZ Philipp Johann Adolf Schmitt in Breendonk, Belgium.
1940 (-) Frau Lausche is attacked and thrown out of a train by Paul Ogorzow aka Der Schnell-Bahn Mörder, in Berlin, Karlshorst, Germany.
1942 (+) Filmmaker Robbe De Hert is born in Farnborough, United Kingdom.
1945 (-) Writer, journalist, occultist and explorer William Buehler Seabrook aka The White Cannibal of New York, commits suicide by drug-overdose at the age of 61 in Rhinebeck, New York, USA.
1945 (-) Chief Nazi Doctor at Auschwitz KZ Eduard Wirths commits suicide by hanging at the age of 41 in Staumühle, Germany.
1946 (x) The first Cannes Film Festival opens in Cannes, France.
1947 (x) 22-year-old Timothy John Evans aka The Innocent Strangler of 10 Rillington Place, marries Beryl Suzanna Thornley in London, Kensington Registry Office, United Kingdom.
1948 (-) Ravensbrück KZ guard Emma Anna Maria Zimmer originally Mezel, is executed by hanging at the age of 60 in Hameln, Germany.
She was known for her extreme sadistic behaviour.
1951 (x) Rhesus monkey Yorick aka Albert VI, and 11 are recovered from aa Aerobee missile flight in Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, USA.
He was the first animal to survive a space flight, but died 2 hours later.
1954 (x) 32-year-old Serial Killer Christa Lehmann aka the Mass Poisoner of Worms, is sentenced to life-imprisonment in Mainz, Germany.
1957 (-) Composer Jean Johan Julius Christian Sibelius dies at the age of 91 in Jarvenpaa, Lappi, Finland.
1958 (x) 29-year-old Black leader Dr. Martin Luther King jr., is stabbed in the upper left side of his chest with a letter opener by 42-year-old mentally disturbed Izola Ware Curry while signing copies of his book "Stride Toward Freedom" at Blumstein's Department Store in New York, Harlem, New York, USA.
1959 (+) Performance artist Danny Devos aka DDV, is born in Vilvoorde, Brabant, Belgium.
1959 (x) 43-year-old Artist, writer and inventor of the cut-up technique, Brion Gysin makes his first cut-up in Paris, Beat Hotel, France.
1959 (x) 19-year-old Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald aka The Man Who Shot J.F. Kennedy, starts his travel to Russia when boarding the SS Marion Lykes in New Orleans, USA.
He first arrived in Le Havre, from there to London, then Helsinki where he got a 6-day-visa for the Soviet Union.
1959 (x) 43-year-old Musician Edith Piaf originally Edith Giovanna Gassion, breaks down on stage with internal bleedings in New York, Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York, USA.
1961 (+) Consensual victim of Robert Frederick Glass, Sharon Rina Lopatka originally Sharon Denburg, is born in Hampstead, Maryland, USA.
1964 (+) Wong Kar-Wai star actress Maggie Man-Yuk Cheung is born in Hong Kong.
1965 (x) 36-year-old Serial Killer Charles Ray Hatcher aka Evil Incarnate, is sentenced to 5 years imprisonment for burglary in Maitland, Missouri, USA.
1966 (x) The US Surveyor 2 spacecraft is launched in Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA.
Two days later it crashed onto the Moon surface near Copernicus Crater.
1967 (x) 38-year-old Filmmaker Kurt Kren aka Lord of the Frames, shoots his film "16/67:20. September" aka "the legendary eating, drinking, pissing, shitting film" with Viennese Actionist Günter Brus in Vienna, Austria.
1970 (+) Bankrobber Larry Eugene Jr. Phillips is born in Los Angeles, California, USA.
1972 (x) 30-year-old Mass murderer Richard Franklin Speck aka Born to Raise Hell, has his death-sentence voided by the Supreme Court in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
1972 (x) 37-year-old Founding member of the Rote Armee Fraktion Ulrike Marie Meinhof is transferred from Ossendorf Prison to Zweibrücken Prison to take part in an identification line-up in Zweibrücken, Germany.
Determined to ruin the process, she screams "Ich bin die Meinhof - mich sollt ihr identifizieren!" upon which the police instructs the 5 other women in the line-up to do the same.
1973 (-) Singer-songwriter Jim James Joseph Croce dies in a plane crash at the age of 30 in Natchitoches, Louisiana, USA.
1974 (-) Thy Miller is killed by Harvey Louis Carignan aka The Want-Ad Killer, at the age of 15 in Dalbo, Minnesota, USA.
1977 (x) Andrew Dupay, who delivered the mail to 24-year-old Serial Killer David Richard Berkowitz aka Son of Sam, commits suicide by blasting a shotgun through his head in Yonkers, Lincoln Terrace, New York, USA.
He told a friend “Sometimes a mailman learns things about the people on his route he’d be better off not knowing, and he sees things he’d be better off not seeing”.
1979 (-) 8th President of Czechoslowakie Ludvik Svoboda dies at the age of 83 in Prague, Czechoslowakia.
1979 (x) 58-year-old Military Ruler Jean Bédel Salah Eddine Ahmed Bokassa his reign is overthrown in a military "Operation Barracuda" in Moyen-Congo.
It was France's 'last colonial expedition'.
1989 (-) Murderer James SK Paster aka Skip, is executed by lethal injection at the age of 44 in Huntsville Prison, Texas, USA.
1994 (-) Double Murderer George Lott aka The Fort Worth Courthouse Gunman, is executed by lethal injection in Huntsville Prison, Texas, USA.
1999 (-) First Lady Raisa Gorbachev originally Raisa Maksimovna Titorenko, dies of leukemia at the age of 67 in Munster University Hospital, Germany.
2000 (-) Cosmonaut Gherman Stepanovich Titov dies of a heart attack at the age of 65 in Moscow, USSR.
He was the second person to orbit the earth.
2004 (x) School attacker Jia Qingyou injures 24 schoolchildren with a knife in No. 1 Experimental Primary School in Shandong, China.
2005 (-) Nazi Hunter Simon Wiesenthal dies at the age of 96 in Vienna, Austria.
2005 (x) An inquest in the death of 51-year-old Schizophrenic artist Richard Sumner told that he had deliberately handcuffed himself to a tree and threw the keys out of reach in Clawddnewydd, Clocaenog Forest, Wales, United Kingdom.
He had disappeared two years earlier and his skeleton was found in april.