1181 (-) 170th Pope Alexander III originally Rolando Bandinelli, dies at the age of 81 in Civita Castellana, Italy.
1748 (+) Artist Jacques-Louis David is born in Paris, France.
1797 (+) Writer Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin Shelley is born in London, United Kingdom.
1850 (-) Murderer John White Webster is executed by hanging in Boston, Massachussets, USA.
1883 (+) Artist and founder of De Stijl Theo Van Doesburg is born in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
1898 (+) Murderer Carl J. Folk is born in Arizona, USA.
1918 (-) Vladimir Ilyitsch Lenin is shot in the left shoulder and jaw by Fanya Kaplan aka The Woman Who Tried to Kill Lenin, at the age of 48 in Moscow, Russia.
"My name is Fanya Kaplan. Today I shot at Lenin. I did it on my own. I will not say from whom I obtained my revolver. I will give no details. I had resolved to kill Lenin long ago. I consider him a traitor to the Revolution."
1935 (-) Writer Henri Barbusse dies at the age of 62 in Moscow, Russia.
1937 (+) Race-car designer and driver Bruce Leslie McLaren is born in Auckland, New Zealand.
1939 (+) BBC Dj John Peel originally Kohn Robert Parker Ravelscroft, is born in Heswell, Cheshire, United Kingdom.
1948 (+) Deputy Chairman of the Black Panther Party Fred Hampton is born in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
1949 (+) Musician Peter Maffay originally Peter Alexander Makkay, is born in Brasov, Romania.
1963 (x) 34-year-old Serial Killer Charles Ray Hatcher aka Evil Incarnate, is arrested whilst burglarizing a store in Maitland, Missouri, USA.
1967 (-) Artist Ad Adolph Dietrich Friedrich Reinhardt dies at the age of 53 in New York, New York, USA.
1969 (-) Helen Puttock is strangled by The Bible John Killer at the age of 29 in Glasgow, United Kingdom.
1969 (-) Irena W. is attacked by Zdzislaw Marchwicki aka The Wampir, at the age of 34 in Katowice, Poland.
1970 (-) Amateur filmmaker of the President Kennedy assassination Abraham Zapruder dies of stomach cancer at the age of 65 in Dallas, Texas, USA.
1971 (x) Bomb attacks by Radical Left Organisation the Weathermen on the Office of California Prisons in retaliation for the killing of Black Activist George Jackson in Sacramento and San Francisco, California, USA.
1974 (x) 153 Die in Belgrade-Dortmund Express train derailment in Zagreb, Yugoslavia.
1975 (x) 28-year-old Serial Killer Ted Theodore Robert Bundy aka The Only Living Witness, is baptised in the Church of the Latter Day Saints in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
1977 (-) Mary Gregsten is strangled by a Yorkshire Ripper-copycat in Shipley, Saltaire Canal Towpath, United Kingdom.
1981 (-) President Ali Rajah and prime minister Mohammed Bahonar are killed in a bomb attack in Teheran, Iran.
1982 (+) Spree killer Kip Kipland Philip Kinkel is born in Springfield, Oregon, USA.
1986 (x) 82 Die in Aeromexico Douglas DC-9 and Piper PA-28 collision in Cerritos, California, USA.
1991 (-) Artist Jean Tinguely dies of heart-failure at the age of 66 in Bern, Switzerland.
1994 (-) Filmmaker and leading light of the Free Cinema Lindsay Gordon Anderson dies at the age of 71 in Angoulème, France.
1995 (-) Musician Sterling Holmes Morrison dies of lymphoma at the age of 53 in Poughkeepsie, New York, USA.
2000 (-) Multiple murderer Jeffery Henry Caldwell is executed by lethal injection in Huntsville Prison, Texas, USA.
He killed his parents and his sister in 1988.
2003 (-) Actor Charles Bronson originally Charles Dennis Buchinski, dies of pneumonia at the age of 80 in Los Angeles, California, USA.
2004 (-) Self-trepanation pioneer Bart Hugo Huges dies of a heart disease at the age of 70 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
2007 (x) The California Board of Prison Terms denies parole to 58-year-old Manson Family member Leslie Van Houten aka Lulu, in Frontera, Institution for Women, California, USA.
It was her 18th unsuccessful application.