1854 (+) Composer Leos Janacek is born in Hukvaldy, Moldavia.
1883 (+) Writer Franz Kafka is born in Prague, Czechoslowakia.
1904 (-) Playwright, journalist and founder of the World Zionist Organisation Theodor Benjamin Ze’ev Herzl dies of heart failure at the age of 44 in Edlach, Austria.
He turned millions of Jews, most of whom lived in Eastern Europe into a nation and formed a political plan for the rebirth of the Jewish people in its own land - Eretz, Israël.
1927 (+) Filmmaker Ken Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell is born in Southampton, United Kingdom.
1935 (-) Car manufacterer André Gustave Citroën dies of stomach cancer at the age of 57 in Paris, France.
1944 (+) Musician Michel Polnareff is born in Nérac, France.
1946 (-) Doreen Marshall is cut to death and mutilated by Neville Heath aka The Sadistic Romeo, at the age of 21 in Bournemouth, United Kingdom.
1950 (+) Revolutionary student Jan Zajic is born in Czechoslowakia.
1961 (+) Child-rapist and murderer Westley Allan Dodd is born in Toppenish, Washington, USA.
1962 (+) Actor Tom Cruise is born in Syracuse, New York, USA.
1969 (-) Rolling Stone Brian Lewis Hopkin Jones drowns in his swimming pool at the age of 27 in Hartfield, Cotchford Farm, Sussex, United Kingdom.
1970 (+) Victim of Jeffrey Dahmer aka The Milwaukee Cannibal, Matt Turner aka Donald Montrell, is born in Wisconsin, USA.
1970 (x) 113 Die in Dan-Air De Havilland Comet crash in Barcelona, Spain.
1971 (-) Musician Jim James Douglas Morrison dies of a heart attack at the age of 27 in Paris, 17 Rue Beautreillis, France.
1988 (-) AIDS-victim Fawzi Mahmoed is shot dead by a policeman at the age of 33 in Caïro, Nasr, Egypt.
He escaped from a hospital, cut his wrists and threatened to infect people with his contaminated blood.
1988 (x) 290 Die in Iranian Airlines Flight 655 Airbus 300 crash in the Persian Gulf.
The plane was shot by a missile from the US-Vincennes when the crew mistakenly identified the Iranian Airbus as an attacking F-14 Tomcat fighter.
1996 (-) Serial Killer Herbert Baumeister commits suicide by a chase by the police at the age of 49 in Toronto, Canada.
In his suicide note, he described his failing marriage and business as his reason for suicide. He did not confess to the murders of the seven men found in his backyard.
1997 (x) 38-year-old Murderer Vladimir Nikolayev is sentenced to death by the Supreme Court for killing and cannibalizing two people in the town of Novocheboksary in Chuvash, Russia.
2001 (x) 145 Die in Vladivostok Avia Tupolev TU-154 crash in Irkutsk, Russia.